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The Tapes were a set of 7 cassette tapes recorded by Hannah Baker before she commits suicide. Before she died, she sent a second set to Tony Padilla.

About the tapes

A box is found at the foot of Clay Jensen's steps. Upon opening it, he discovers that it is a shoebox containing seven cassette tapes recorded by the late Hannah Baker, his classmate and emotional crush who recently committed suicide. The tapes were initially mailed to one classmate with instructions to pass them from one student to another, in the style of a chain letter. On the tapes, Hannah explains to thirteen people how they played a role in her death, by giving thirteen reasons to explain why she took her life. Hannah has given a second set of tapes to one of their classmates, the identity of whom Clay later discovers, and warns the people on the tapes that if they do not pass them on, the second set will be leaked to the entire student body. This could lead to the public embarrassment and shame of certain people, while others could face physical harassment charges or jail time. Through the audio narrative, Hannah reveals her pain and suffering and the slide into depression that ultimately leads to her suicide. She lists her first crush, a boy who voted her "best ass in the freshman class", a former friend, a peeping Tom, a liar, a goof who takes advantage of her, a hater, a thief who steals her poems, a member of the list that already passed, a cheerleader who crashes into a stop sign, the guidance counselor, and Clay, her soul-mate, all who thought their actions were harmless, or that they wouldn't affect or scar her. They were wrong.

Subjects (Series)

Tape Subject Reason
1 Justin Foley For spreading a racy picture of Hannah along with a sexual rumor about their encounter, and for breaking her heart.
2 Jessica Davis For mistakenly believing that Hannah was the reason for her breakup with Alex, and for breaking her heart.
3 Alex Standall For listing Hannah's ass as the best one of school, and for destroying her friendship with Jessica and her reputation.
4 Tyler Down For stalking Hannah and spreading her and Courtney's kiss photo over the school, and for destroying her reputation.
5 Courtney Crimsen For throwing Hannah under the bus to avoid being discovered as one of the people on the kiss' photo, and for destroying her reputation.
6 Marcus Cole For humiliating and attempting to sexually assault Hannah in public on their One Dollar Valentine's date, and for destroying her reputation.
7 Zach Dempsey For stealing the "positive notes" destined to Hannah in Communications class out of revenge for her dissing him, and for breaking her spirit.
8 Ryan Shaver For stealing a poem she wrote noting her personal problems and publishing it in the school newspaper without her consent, and for breaking her spirit.
9 Justin Foley For allowing Bryce to rape his girlfriend Jessica. Hannah includes herself on this tape as well as she did nothing to stop Bryce from raping Jessica.
10 Sheri Holland For abandoning Hannah after she crashed her car into a stop sign which later caused the death of Jeff Atkins.
11 Clay Jensen For leaving Hannah at her request, after they shared a kiss. However, Hannah notes that Clay does not deserve to be on the tapes (she confesses her admiration and like for him) but it was necessary to add him to the reasons because he was important to what happened and she wanted him to know. Hannah again includes herself on this tape as she blames herself for pushing Clay away.
12 Bryce Walker For raping Hannah in his hot tub, and for breaking her soul.
13 Kevin Porter For not helping Hannah after she told him about her sexual assault and suicidal thoughts, and failing to realize she was asking for help when she was giving "life one more chance."
Tape 2


Subjects (Book)

The plot of the first season of the series is largely faithful to the book, although some details differ.

One of those differences is the exact sequence of the tapes. Much the same events are described, but there is a couple of name changes (Marcus and Jenny/Sheri). Alex and Jessica's tapes exchange places, and Clay's tape comes earlier in the book when compared to the series.

Tape Subject Reason
1 (Tape 1, Side A) Justin Foley For giving Hannah the shoulder after their break-up, and encouraging the spread of spicy rumors afterward.
2 (Tape 1, Side B) Alex Standall For listing Hannah's ass as the best one of school, and for destroying her friendship with Jessica and her reputation.
3 (Tape 2, Side A) Jessica Davis For mistakenly believing that Hannah was the reason for her breakup with Alex, and for breaking her heart.
4 (Tape 2, Side B) Tyler Down For stalking Hannah and spreading her and Courtney's kiss photo over the school, and for destroying her reputation.
5 (Tape 3, Side A) Courtney Crimsen For throwing Hannah under the bus to avoid being discovered as one of the people on the kiss' photo, and for destroying her reputation.
6 (Tape 3, Side B) Marcus Cooley For humiliating Hannah in public on their One Dollar Valentine's date, and for destroying her reputation.
7 (Tape 4, Side A) Zach Dempsey For stealing the "positive notes" destined to Hannah in Communications class out of revenge for her dissing him, and for breaking her spirit.
8 (Tape 4, Side B) Ryan Shaver For stealing a poem she wrote noting her personal problems and publishing it in the school newspaper without her consent, and for breaking her spirit.
9 (Tape 5, Side A) Clay Jensen For leaving Hannah at her request, after they shared a kiss. However, Hannah notes that Clay does not deserve to be on the tapes (she confesses her admiration and like for him) but it was necessary to add him to the reasons because he was important to what happened and she wanted him to know.
10 (Tape 5, Side B) Justin Foley For allowing Bryce to rape his girlfriend Jessica. Hannah includes herself on this tape as well as she did nothing to stop Bryce from raping Jessica.
11 (Tape 6, Side A) Jenny Kurtz For abandoning Hannah after she crashed her car into a stop sign which later caused the death of Jeff Atkins.
12 (Tape 6, Side B) Bryce Walker For raping Hannah in his hot tub, and for breaking her soul.
13 (Tape 7, Side A) Mr. Porter For not helping Hannah after she told him about her sexual assault and suicidal thoughts, and failing to realize she was asking for help when she was giving "life one more chance."